Expeditious Facts

Full Name : United Republic of Tanzania

Capital City : Dodoma

Time : GMT +3 hours

Independence : 9 December 1961

Currency : Tanzania shilling

Culture and Language

Tanzania’s culture is a result of African, Arab, European and Indian influences. The African people of Tanzania represent about 130 tribal groups. The Tanzanians are friendly people, to foreigners and amongst themselves. Politeness, respect and modesty are highly valued.

The official language is Kiswahili, which is generally spoken, and various local languages abound. Although English is the second official language, it is widely spoken and understood in the cities.

Tanzania is a harmonious culture that’s mostly based on a subtle but strong social code of respect and courtesy. Tanzania is a country that is extremely rich in traditions and culture and they treasure their heritage and pride. Tanzanian people are known to be extremely friendly and polite.

In Zanzibar, it is important for women to dress modestly out of respect for Muslim cultural beliefs. Men should not wear shorts on the main island, and women should wear dresses that cover their shoulders and knees. The way you are dressed is highly valued in Tanzania. To respect the culture it is recommended to keep most of your body covered.

Border Posts

Just south of the equator, Tanzania borders Kenya and Uganda in the north; Zaire, Rwanda and Burundi in the west; and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique in the south.

Tanzania Transport

Local Transport in Tanzania

Distances are long in Tanzania; it’s better to focus on one or two areas rather than trying to fit in too much. Arriving at the bustling capital of Tanzania can leave a traveler feeling overwhelmed quickly. However, the city has modern transportation networks that make it easy to get from point A to point B.

Private taxis are also a convenient choice, but be sure to negotiate the price before you use them. Fellow travelers might be able to offer advice about a reasonable fare. Some places (e.g. Dar Es Salaam Airport) have a strong taxi cartel and post fixed prices.

Uber is one of the most preferred transport by expats and tourists in the country. The system is based on how many miles do you ride and therefore, there is no hustle of negotiation. You can simply download the application and start going around using Google Maps.

There are also three-wheeled tuktuks/baby taxis/CNGs/bajajis that zoom around. They are cheaper than a taxi, and can get past traffic jams. This way of transport is not available in city center so you can only take it if you’re not going to pass the town.


Air services have become the most significant form of internal transport for official and business travel. Small planes, from charter companies, fly to towns and to bush airstrips. Julius Nyere International Airport may be small, but it serves all of Tanzania with domestic and international flights. Visitors landing in the airport will need to stop at the visa desk, pay fifty dollars, and have their photograph taken for the tourist visa. Bathrooms and ATMs are outside the airport itself.

Hospitals and Clinics

For minor aches and pains during your travels, there are many hospitals and clinics around the country which will oblige your medical problems and prescribe any treatment or medication that you may need. For emergency or out-patient cases, Dar es Salaam’s Aga Khan Hospital provides excellent care.

African Air Rescue (AAR) has clinics and out-patient care in both Arusha and Dar es Salaam, and smaller clinics offer consultations and laboratory services around the country.


East Africa is a shopper’s paradise for rustic wood carvings, soapstone, weavings, and jewelry. You’ll find all manner of souvenirs in hotels and game resorts as well as in market stalls and city shops in Tanzania. Tanzania has a good selection of traditional local crafts. These are available from craft shops in Dar-es-Salaam, Arusha and other major towns. There are also a number of craft centers and artists cooperatives where prices are good.

The most popular purchases are woodcarving, kanga traditional sarong-like garment, Tinga Tinga Paintings and Makonde statues and some other traditional items.


All major towns in Tanzania have admirable luxury hotels. All towns will at least have a noble guest house. Hotels have their own restaurants. Local food is readily available and there are many restaurants serving various cuisines from all around the globe, like Indian, Chinese, Japanese, Continental and many more to make tourist feel at home loved.

It’s best to drink bottled water when travelling through Tanzania – numerous brands are widely available and served in all restaurants and lodges.


Tanzania is a safe country to travel in. Tanzanians are warm-hearted and generous people and are eager to help visitors get the most out of their stay. Tanzania is a true example of tolerance and cooperation in our modern world, with an evidenced multicultural diversity that has co-existed for centuries and has a lot to offer the world by its example.

As in all countries, some reasonable precautions should still be taken, such as locking valuables in the hotel safe, which frees your mind to absorb the natural beauty and incredible sights that will stay with you forever.


Tanzania has a tropical climate along the coast but it gets temperate in the highlands.
April & Mid – May = Long rains (Green Season)
June – Sept = Cool season
Nov – Dec = Short Rains
October – March = Hottest season

Passports and Visas

Any foreigner seeking to enter the United Republic of Tanzania is subject to the following entry requirements:

  • a passport or Travel Document which is valid for not less than six months;
  • a Residence Permit or a Pass or his name is endorsed upon the same;
  • A valid Visa (where applicable) from any Tanzania Mission abroad or on arrival at any designated entry points.Visa issuing centres.

Entry authorization

Upon complying with the entry requirements, a visitor is issued with a Visitor’s Pass with validity not exceeding three months (and not exceeding six months for citizens of EAC Member States)


This Visa is issued for a single entry to a visitor for a period not exceeding three months for the purpose of holidays, business, health treatment, studies, leisure or any other activity legally recognized by the Law.


This Visa is issued to persons whose nature of their businesses or circumstances require them to make frequent visits to the United Republic of Tanzania for a period not exceeding twelve months.


This Visa may be issued to a person for the purpose of transiting to another destination outside the United Republic for a period not exceeding seven days.


Business Visa may be issued to persons for the purpose of temporarily conducting business, trade, professional or assignment for a period not exceeding three months and it is not extendable.


  • Copy of the applicant’s valid passport;
  • Visa application form dully filled in;
  • Respective visa Fee;
  • 2 passport size photographs ( for those lodging their applications through embassies).


  • Visa application form duly filled in;
  • Security Bond duly filled;
  • Valid passport copy of the invitee;
  • Three passport size photographs;
  • Copy of the valid Passport or any other identity (For a host citizen of Tanzania);
  • Documents of  the Company like TIN, VAT, Registration Certificate, Certificate of Incorporation, Memorandum etc;
  • Any other evidence to prove that the applicant is bound to travel frequently into the United Republic of Tanzania.


  • Copy of the applicant’s valid passport;
  • An entry visa or onward ticket to the intended country of destination;
  • Respective visa fee;
  • 2 passport size photographs ( for those lodging their applications through embassies).


  • A valid passport
  • A work contract or any proof of the work/assignment to be performed within a period not exceeding three months;
  • Respective visa fee.

Travel Guide


The best choice of vaccines for your trip depends on many individual factors, including your precise travel plans. Vaccines commonly recommended for travellers to Africa include those against Tetanus, Diphtheria, Polio, Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Yellow fever, Rabies and Meningitis.

Certificate required for entry into, or travel between, some African countries. Several of these vaccines require more than one dose, or take time to become effective. It is always best to seek advice on immunization well in advance, if possible around 6 weeks before departure.

What to Pack

Generally, casual comfortable clothing is suitable throughout the year. The most practical items to pack are:

• Casual, comfortable clothes are the key when traveling in Tanzania.
• During the day it is hot so our advice is to pack lightweight layers in natural fabrics such as linen, bamboo and cotton that will keep you cool and are easier to wash and dry.
• For safari we suggest keeping to light colors, but not white – it will get dirty and dusty very quickly.
• It is very important to note that camouflage or military clothing is not permitted.
• If you are on safari, the idea is to relax and enjoy your time under the African sky, and listen to the calls of the wild all around you! Dinner dress is therefore casual and comfortable.
• Nighttime and early morning game drives can be cold, so pack a warm hat, scarf, gloves and a fleece or jacket.
• Comfortable walking shoes
• Long sleeved blouses/shirts for game drives, they will protect you from the sun and from mosquitoes
• Swimwear is a must for the beach
• Don’t forget a safari hat to protect you from the sun. Wear plenty of sunscreen and sunglasses, and remember your mosquito repellent
• Small first aid kit

The best time to visit Tanzania

Tanzania offers an astonishing diversity and concentration of wildlife, from the immense Serengeti and towering Mount Kilimanjaro to the remote national parks of Katavi and Mahale. The best months for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro are August to October and January to March.

A huge country with much regional variation in geography and climate plus two distinct rainy seasons, the question of when to go to Tanzania depends on what it is that you want to experience. The best time to go to Tanzania for the Serengeti Migration is between November and August but you’ll need to be in the right place at the right time to catch all the action.

General game viewing in the Serengeti and Tanzania’s other parks is at its peak during the June to October dry season. Mount Kilimanjaro is best climbed either between July and October or January to March, while the best time to visit Tanzania’s coast, its islands and Zanzibar is between August and October – avoid the coast during the long rains of March to May.

Botanically, Tanzania is a treasure-trove, with habitats ranging from Afro-Alpine to semi-desert. The months immediately after the two rainy seasons provide the best floral displays. Tanzania offers excellent game viewing throughout the year as not all animals migrate and are year-round residents.